Child Endangerment Section of 55-10-403

(a)  (1)  (A)  (i)  Any person violating § 55-10-401 shall, upon conviction thereof, for the first offense, be fined not less than three hundred fifty dollars ($350) nor more than one thousand five hundred dollars ($1,500); the court shall prohibit the convicted person from driving a vehicle in this state for a period of one (1) year; and the person shall be further punished as provided in subsection (s).
 
(ii)  In addition to the other penalties set out for a first offense violation, if at the time of the offense the alcohol concentration in the person's blood or breath is twenty hundredths of one percent (.20%) or more, the minimum period of confinement for the person shall be seven (7) consecutive calendar days rather than forty-eight (48) hours.
 
[Amended effective January 1, 2011. See the Compiler's Notes.] 
 
(iii)  In addition to the other penalties set out for a person convicted of a first offense violation of § 55-10-401, if the person applies for and the court orders the issuance of a restricted motor vehicle operator's license pursuant to subsection (d), the court shall also order the person to operate only a motor vehicle that is equipped with a functioning ignition interlock device, if at the time of the offense, the defendant:
 
(a)  Has a blood or breath alcohol concentration of fifteen hundredths of one percent (.15%) or higher;
 
(b)  Is accompanied by a person under eighteen (18) years of age;
 
(c)  Is involved in a traffic accident for which notice to law enforcement is required under § 55-10-107, and the accident is the proximate result of the person's intoxication; or
 
(d)  Is in violation of the implied consent law under § 55-10-406, and has a conviction or juvenile delinquency adjudication for a violation that occurred within five (5) years of the instant implied consent violation, for:
 
(1)  Implied consent under § 55-10-406;
(2)  Underage driving while impaired under § 55-10-415;
(3)  The open container law under § 55-10-416; or
(4)  Reckless driving under § 55-10-205, if the charged offense was § 55-10-401.
 
(iv)  For conviction on the second offense, there shall be imposed a fine of not less than six hundred dollars ($600) nor more than three thousand five hundred dollars ($3,500), and the person or persons shall be confined in the county jail or workhouse for not less than forty-five (45) days nor more than eleven (11) months and twenty-nine (29) days, and the court shall prohibit the convicted person or persons from driving a vehicle in this state for a period of time of two (2) years. Upon the conviction of a person on the second offense only, a judge may sentence the person to participate in a court approved alcohol or drug treatment program.
 
(v)  For the third conviction, there shall be imposed a fine of not less than one thousand one hundred dollars ($1,100) nor more than ten thousand dollars ($10,000), and the person or persons shall be confined in the county jail or workhouse for not less than one hundred twenty (120) days nor more than eleven (11) months and twenty-nine (29) days, and the court shall prohibit the convicted person or persons from driving a vehicle in this state for a period of time of not less than *three (3) years nor more than ten (10) years.

*Public Chapter 379 Effective July 1, 2011. Amended three (3) years to six (6) years.
 
(vi)  Notwithstanding any other law to the contrary, the fourth or subsequent conviction shall be a Class E felony punishable by a fine of not less than three thousand dollars ($3,000) nor more than fifteen thousand dollars ($15,000); by confinement for not less than one hundred fifty (150) consecutive days, to be served day for day, nor more than the maximum punishment authorized for the appropriate range of a Class E felony; and the court shall prohibit the person from driving a motor vehicle for a period of five* (5) years. For the preceding sentence to apply, at least one (1) of the violations of § 55-10-401 must occur on or after July 1, 1998.

*Public Chapter 379 Effective July 1, 2011. Amended five (5) years to eight (8) years.
 
(vii)  After service of at least the minimum sentence day for day, the judge has the discretion to require an individual convicted of a violation of the provisions of §§ 55-10-401 — 55-10-404 to remove litter from the state highway system, public playgrounds, public parks or other appropriate locations for any prescribed period or to work in a recycling center or other appropriate location for any prescribed period of time in lieu of or in addition to any of the penalties otherwise provided in this section; provided, that any person sentenced to remove litter from the state highway system, public playgrounds, public parks or other appropriate locations or to work in a recycling center shall be allowed to do so at a time other than the person's regular hours of employment.
 
[Effective January 1, 2011. See the Compiler's Notes.] 
 
(viii)  Subdivisions (a)(1)(A)(i)-(iii) constitute an enhanced sentence, not a new offense.
 
Child Endangerment Section
 
(B)  (i)  Notwithstanding subdivision (a)(1)(A), if at the time of the offense, the person was accompanied by a child under eighteen (18) years of age, the person shall be punished by a mandatory minimum incarceration of thirty (30) days and a mandatory minimum fine of one thousand dollars ($1,000).
 
(ii)  Notwithstanding subdivision (a)(1)(A), if, at the time of the offense, the person was accompanied by a child under eighteen (18) years of age, and the child suffers serious bodily injury as the proximate result of the violation of § 55-10-401, the person commits a Class D felony and shall be punished as provided in § 39-13-106, for vehicular assault.
 
(iii)  Notwithstanding subdivision (a)(1)(A), if, at the time of the offense, the person was accompanied by a child under eighteen (18) years of age, and the child is killed as the proximate result of the violation of § 55-10-401, the person commits a Class B felony and shall be punished as provided in § 39-13-213(b)(2) for vehicular homicide involving intoxication.
 
(iv)  The periods of license suspension provided in subdivision (a)(1)(A) shall also be imposed upon any person sentenced under this subdivision (a)(1)(B).
 
(2)  A portion of any fine imposed upon a person for a violation of this section, up to the maximum fine actually imposed, shall be returned to the sheriff of a county jail or to the chief administrative officer of a city jail for the purpose of reimbursing the sheriff or officer for the cost of incarcerating the person for each night the person is actually in custody for a violation of this section. This reimbursement shall be in the same amount as is provided by § 8-26-105, and shall not in any event be less than the actual cost of maintaining the person and shall be reimbursed in the manner provided by § 8-26-106.
 
(3)  For purposes of this section, a person who is convicted of a violation of § 55-10-401 shall not be considered a repeat or multiple offender and subject to the penalties prescribed in this subsection (a), if ten (10) or more years have elapsed between the date of the present violation and the date of any immediately preceding violation of § 55-10-401 that resulted in a conviction for such offense. If, however, the date of a person's violation of § 55-10-401 is within ten (10) years of the date of the present violation, then the person shall be considered a multiple offender and is subject to the penalties imposed upon multiple offenders by the provisions of this subsection (a). If a person is considered a multiple offender under this subdivision (a)(3), then every violation of § 55-10-401 that resulted in a conviction for such offense occurring within ten (10) years of the date of the immediately preceding violation shall be considered in determining the number of prior offenses. However, a violation occurring more than twenty (20) years from the date of the instant violation shall never be considered a prior offense for that purpose.
 
(4)  (A)  If the court orders participation in an inpatient alcohol and drug treatment program pursuant to subdivision (a)(1), the treatment program shall not exceed a period of twenty-eight (28) days. During this period of confinement in inpatient treatment, the person ordered to participate shall be confined to the inpatient treatment center and shall not, without further court order, be released for any reason until the completion of the treatment. In the event the person does not complete the confinement in the treatment program, that person shall be returned to the county jail or workhouse to serve the full period of the confinement imposed without any credit allowed for time spent in the program. Upon completion of the confinement in the program, the remainder of the confinement imposed shall be served in the county jail or workhouse.
 
(B)  (i)  The court is not empowered to order the expenditure of public funds to provide treatment. However, if a person ordered to participate in such a program is indigent, the court may allow the person, subject to availability of services, to enter any program that provides the treatment without cost to an individual. When making a finding as to the indigency of an accused, the court shall take into consideration:
 
(a)  The nature of the services of the program rendered;
 
(b)  The usual and customary charges for rendering such program in the community;
 
(c)  The income of the accused regardless of source;
 
(d)  The poverty level guidelines compiled and published by the United States department of labor;
 
(e)  The ownership or equity of any real or personal property of the accused; and
 
(f)  Any other circumstances presented to the court that are relevant to the issue of indigency.
 
(ii)  If a person ordered to participate is not indigent and participates in a program that provides treatment without cost to an individual, that person shall be obligated to pay for treatment in the same manner as provided in § 33-2-1202. If a person ordered to participate, participates in a court approved private treatment program, that person shall be responsible for the cost and fees involved with the program.
 
(b)  (1)  No person charged with violating §§ 55-10-401 — 55-10-404 shall be eligible for suspension of prosecution and dismissal of charges pursuant to §§ 40-15-102 — 40-15-105 and 40-32-101(a)(3)-(c)(3) or for any other pretrial diversion program, nor shall any person convicted under such sections be eligible for suspension of sentence or probation pursuant to § 40-21-101 [repealed] or any other provision of law authorizing suspension of sentence or probation until such time as the person has fully served day for day at least the minimum sentence provided by law.
 
(2)  Unless the judge, using the applicable criteria set out in § 40-14-202(b), determines that a person convicted of violating §§ 55-10-401 — 55-10-404 is indigent, the minimum applicable fine shall be mandatory and shall not be subject to reduction or suspension. All fines are to be paid on the date sentence is imposed unless the court makes an affirmative finding that the defendant lacks a present ability to pay. The court shall then order a date certain before which payment shall be made. Should the defendant fail to comply with the order of the court, the clerk shall notify the court of the failure for further proceedings.
 
(c)  (1)  All persons sentenced under subsection (a) shall, in addition to service of at least the minimum sentence, be required to serve the difference between the time actually served and the maximum sentence on probation. The judge has the discretion to impose any conditions of probation that are reasonably related to the offense, but shall impose the following conditions:
 
(A)  (i)  Participation in an alcohol and drug safety DUI school, or a drug offender school program, or both, if available; and
 
(ii)  A drug and alcohol assessment or treatment; or
 
[Amended effective January 1, 2011. See the Compiler's Notes.] 
 
(iii)  If the court deems it appropriate and the service is available, both a drug and alcohol assessment and treatment, with the cost of the service being paid as provided in subdivision (c)(2); or
 
(B)  In lieu of or in addition to the requirements of subdivision (c)(1)(A), the judge may order the offender to attend a victims impact panel program if such a program is offered in the county where the offense occurs, and, if the court finds the offender has the ability, to pay a fee of not less than twenty-five dollars ($25.00) nor more than fifty dollars ($50.00), as determined by the governing authority of the program and approved by the sentencing judge, to the program to offset the cost of participation by the offender; or
 
[Amended effective January 15, 2011. See the Compiler’s Notes.] 
 
(2)  Notwithstanding any other law to the contrary, if a person convicted of a violation of § 55-10-401 has a prior conviction for a violation of § 55-10-401 within the past five (5) years, the court shall order the person to undergo a drug and alcohol assessment and receive treatment as appropriate. Unless the court makes a specific determination that the person is indigent, the expense of the assessment and treatment shall be the responsibility of the person receiving it. Notwithstanding subdivision (a)(4)(B), if the court finds that the person is indigent, the expense or some portion of the expense may be paid from the alcohol and drug addiction treatment fund established in § 40-33-211(c)(2) pursuant to a plan and procedures developed by the department of mental health.
 
(3)  For offenders convicted of violating § 55-10-401 for the first time, the court shall order that, as a condition of probation, the offender be required to remove litter from state route highways or state-aid highways in accordance with subsection (s). When the offender first reports to the offender's probation officer, the probation officer shall provide the offender with a form to be completed by the sheriff of the county where litter removal is to be performed. It is the responsibility of the offender to take the form to the sheriff of the county where the offender will perform litter removal. After completion of the court-ordered number of days of litter removal by the offender and the payment of the supervision fee required by subdivision (s)(3) to the sheriff for participating in the litter removal program, the sheriff shall complete the form and certify that the offender has complied with this condition of probation. The sheriff shall give the completed form to the offender, who shall be responsible for returning the form to the offender's probation officer as evidence of completion of this condition of probation. If an offender believes that the offender is incapable of performing the work due to a physical limitation, the offender may request the convicting court to relieve the offender from this condition of probation. The court may require the offender to submit proof of physical limitation, as it deems appropriate, to determine if the offender should be relieved.
 
[Effective January 1, 2011. See the Compiler's Notes.] 
 
(4)  (A)  If an offender's sentence is enhanced pursuant to subdivision (a)(1)(A)(iii), the court shall order that if the offender applies for and the court orders the issuance of a restricted motor vehicle operator's license pursuant to subsection (d), the court shall also order the person to operate only a motor vehicle that is equipped with a functioning ignition interlock device. The restriction set out in this subdivision (c)(4) shall be a condition of such offender's probation.
 
(B)  Sections 55-10-412, 55-10-420 and 55-10-421 shall apply when a person is ordered to operate only a motor vehicle that is equipped with a functioning ignition interlock device pursuant to subdivision (c)(4)(A).
 
(d)  (1)  (A)  Except as provided in subdivision (d)(2), if a person's motor vehicle operator's license has been revoked pursuant to subsection (a), the person may apply to the trial judge for a restricted driver license. The trial judge may order the issuance of a restricted motor vehicle operator's license in accordance with § 55-50-502, if based upon the records of the department of safety:
 
(i)  The violation resulting in the person's present conviction for driving under the influence of an intoxicant occurred on or after July 1, 2000;
 
(ii)  The person does not have a prior conviction for a violation of § 39-13-106, § 39-13-213(a)(2), or § 39-13-218, in this state or a similar offense in another state; and
 
(iii)  The person does not have a prior conviction for a violation of § 55-10-401 or § 55-10-418 within ten (10) years of the present violation in this state or a similar offense in another state.
 
[Amended effective January 1, 2011. See the Compiler's Notes.] 
 
(iv)  (a)  Except as provided in subdivisions (d)(1)(A)(iv)(b ) and (c ), if the person was convicted of a first offense of § 55-10-401, but such person's sentence was not enhanced pursuant to subdivision (a)(1)(A)(iii), the trial judge may order the issuance of a license allowing the person so convicted to operate a motor vehicle for the limited purposes of going to and from:
 
(1)  The person's regular place of employment and any work-related driving;
(2)  The office of the person's probation officer or other similar location for the sole purpose of attending a regularly scheduled meeting or other function with the probation officer by a route to be designated by the probation officer;
(3)  A court-ordered alcohol safety program;
(4)  A college or university in the case of a student enrolled full time in the college or university;
(5)  A scheduled interlock monitoring appointment;
(6)  A court-ordered outpatient alcohol or drug treatment program;
(7)  A scheduled litter pickup work shift as required under subsection (s); and
(8)  The person's regular place of worship for regularly scheduled religious services conducted by a bona fide religious institution as defined in § 48-101-502(c).
 
(b)  If the person was convicted of a first offense of § 55-10-401 and such person was ordered to operate only a motor vehicle that is equipped with a functioning ignition interlock device because the person's sentence was enhanced pursuant to subdivision (a)(1)(A)(iii), the trial judge may order the issuance of a license allowing the person so convicted to operate a motor vehicle without the geographic restrictions otherwise required by (d)(1)(A)(iv)(a ).
 
(c)  (1)  If a person is convicted of a first offense of § 55-10-401, for which the person's sentence is not enhanced pursuant to subdivision (a)(1)(A)(iii), and the person is otherwise eligible for a restricted license pursuant to this subdivision (d)(1)(A), such person may request, at such person's own expense, to operate only a motor vehicle that is equipped with a functioning ignition interlock device pursuant to § 55-10-412(b)(2). If the person so requests, the trial judge may order the issuance of a license allowing the person so convicted to operate a motor vehicle without the geographic restrictions otherwise required by (d)(1)(A)(iv)(a ).
 
(2)  Sections 55-10-412, 55-10-420 and 55-10-421 shall apply when a person is ordered to operate only a motor vehicle that is equipped with a functioning ignition interlock device pursuant to subdivision (d)(1)(A)(iv)(c )(1 ).
 
(B)  (i)  A Tennessee resident, whose operator's license has been revoked because of a conviction in another jurisdiction for operating a motor vehicle while under the influence of an intoxicant, may apply for a restricted license to a judge of any court of the county of the person's residence having jurisdiction to try charges for driving under the influence of an intoxicant. The trial judge may order the issuance of a restricted motor vehicle operator's license in accordance with § 55-50-502(c), if based upon the records of the department:
 
(a)  The violation resulting in the person's present conviction for driving under the influence of an intoxicant occurred on or after July 1, 2000; and
 
(b)  The person does not have a prior conviction for a violation of § 55-10-401 or § 55-10-418 within ten (10) years of the present violation, or of § 39-13-213(a)(2), § 39-13-218, or § 39-13-106, in this state, or a similar offense in another jurisdiction.
 
(ii)  If a copy of the judgment of conviction certified by the court that tried the case in the other jurisdiction accompanies the restricted license application, the trial judge may issue such order allowing the person so convicted to operate a motor vehicle for the limited purposes of going to and from:
 
(a)  And working at the person's regular place of employment;
 
(b)  A court-ordered alcohol safety program;
 
(c)  A college or university in the case of a student enrolled full time in such college or university;
 
(d)  A scheduled interlock monitoring appointment; and
 
(e)  A court-ordered outpatient alcohol or drug treatment program.
 
(C)  The order shall state with all practicable specificity the necessary time and places of permissible operation of a motor vehicle and shall be made a part of the order or judgment of the court. The order may be presented within ten (10) days after the date of conviction to the department, accompanied by a fee of sixty-five dollars ($65.00). If the person has first successfully completed a driver's license examination, the department shall forthwith issue a restricted license embodying the limitations imposed upon the person so convicted.
 
(D)  If the violation resulting in the person's conviction for DUI occurred prior to July 1, 2000, the law in effect when the violation occurred shall govern the person's eligibility for a restricted motor vehicle operator license.
 
(2)  If during the course of conduct that was the basis for a driver's conviction under §§ 55-10-401 — 55-10-404, another person is killed or suffers serious bodily injury as the proximate result of the driver's intoxication, the driver shall not be eligible for and the court shall not have the authority to grant the issuance of a restricted motor vehicle operator's license until such time as the period of suspension mandated by subsection (a) has expired, notwithstanding the fact that it may be the driver's first conviction.
 
(3)  Any person whose motor vehicle operator's license has been revoked pursuant to subsection (a), and such person has a prior conviction for a violation of § 55-10-401 or § 55-10-418 within ten (10) years of the present violation, or § 39-13-106, § 39-13-213(a)(2), or § 39-13-218, in this state, or a similar offense in any other jurisdiction, shall not be eligible for, nor shall the court have the authority to grant or order, the issuance of a restricted motor vehicles' operator's license.
 
(4)  (A)  Notwithstanding subdivision (d)(3), the trial judge may order the issuance of a restricted motor vehicle operator's license in accordance with § 55-50-502 to any person whose motor vehicle operator's license has been revoked pursuant to subsection (a) for a period of two (2) years and who has a prior conviction for a violation of § 55-10-401 or § 55-10-418, in this state or a similar offense in any other jurisdiction; provided, however, that the person shall not be eligible for and the court shall not have the authority to grant the issuance of a restricted motor vehicle operator's license until the expiration of a one (1) year revocation period. The restricted license may be issued for the same purposes set out in subdivision (d)(1)(A).
 
[Amended effective January 1, 2011. See the Compiler's Notes.] 
 
(B)  (i)  If the court orders the issuance of a restricted motor vehicle operator's license pursuant to this subdivision (d)(4), the court shall also order the person to operate only a motor vehicle that is equipped with a functioning interlock device. The restriction shall be for the entire period of the restricted license and for a period of six (6) months after the license revocation period has expired as required by § 55-10-412(m).
 
(ii)  Sections 55-10-412, 55-10-420 and 55-10-421 shall apply when a person is ordered to operate only a motor vehicle that is equipped with a functioning ignition interlock device pursuant to subdivision (c)(4)(A).
 
(e)  This section shall not be construed to in any way limit § 55-50-303 or § 55-50-502, nor to limit the power and authority of the department of safety to revoke or suspend the driver license under chapter 50 of this title.
 
(f)  Any restricted license issued under this section is subject to renewal in the same manner as other motor vehicle licenses.
 
(g)  (1)  Any person convicted of an initial or subsequent offense shall be advised, in writing, of the penalty for second and subsequent convictions, and, in addition, when pronouncing sentence the judge shall advise the defendant of the penalties for additional offenses. Written notice by the judge shall inform the defendant that a conviction for the offense of driving under the influence of an intoxicant committed in another state shall be used to enhance the punishment for a violation of § 55-10-401 committed in this state.
 
(2)  In the prosecution of second or subsequent offenders, the indictment or charging instrument must allege the prior conviction or convictions for violating any of the provisions of § 55-10-401, § 39-13-213(a)(2), § 39-13-106, § 39-13-218 or § 55-10-418, setting forth the time and place of each prior conviction or convictions. When the state uses a conviction for the offense of driving under the influence of an intoxicant, aggravated vehicular homicide, vehicular homicide, vehicular assault or adult driving while impaired committed in another state for the purpose of enhancing the punishment for a violation of § 55-10-401, the indictment or charging instrument must allege the time, place and state of the prior conviction.
 
(3)  (A)  Notwithstanding any other rule of evidence or law to the contrary, in the prosecution of second or subsequent offenders under this chapter the official driver record maintained by the department and produced upon a certified computer printout shall constitute prima facie evidence of the prior conviction.
 
(B)  Following indictment by a grand jury, the defendant shall be given a copy of the department of safety printout at the time of arraignment. If the charge is by warrant, the defendant is entitled to a copy of the department printout at the defendant's first appearance in court or at least fourteen (14) days prior to a trial on the merits.
 
(C)  Upon motion properly made in writing alleging that one (1) or more prior convictions are in error and setting forth the error, the court may require that a certified copy of the judgment of conviction of the offense be provided for inspection by the court as to its validity prior to the department printout being introduced into evidence.
 
(h)  (1)  In addition to all other fines, fees, costs and punishments now prescribed by law, in counties having a population of not less than three hundred thirty-five thousand (335,000) nor more than three hundred thirty-six thousand (336,000), or in counties having a population of more than seven hundred thousand (700,000), according to the 1990 federal census or any subsequent federal census, a blood alcohol concentration (BAT) test fee in the amount of seventeen dollars and fifty cents ($17.50) will be assessed upon conviction of an offense of driving while intoxicated for each offender who has taken a breath-alcohol test on an evidential breath testing unit provided, maintained and administered by a law enforcement agency in the counties or where breath, blood or urine has been analyzed by a publicly funded forensic laboratory.
 
(2)  In addition to all other fines, fees, costs and punishments now prescribed by law, in counties having a metropolitan form of government with a population greater than one hundred thousand (100,000), according to the 1990 federal census or any subsequent federal census, a blood alcohol concentration (BAT) test fee in an amount to be established by resolution of the legislative body of any county to which this subdivision (h)(2) applies, not to exceed fifty dollars ($50.00), will be assessed upon conviction of an offense of driving while intoxicated for each offender who has taken a breath-alcohol test on an evidential breath testing unit provided, maintained and administered by a law enforcement agency in the counties or where breath, blood or urine has been analyzed by a publicly funded forensic laboratory.
 

(3)  This fee shall be collected by the clerks of various courts of the counties and forwarded to the county trustee on a monthly basis and designated for exclusive use by the law enforcement testing unit of the counties if the blood alcohol concentration test (BAT) was conducted on an evidential breath testing unit. If the blood alcohol test was conducted by a publicly funded forensic laboratory, the fee shall be collected by the clerks of the various courts of the counties and forwarded to the county trustee on a monthly basis and designated for exclusive use by the publicly funded forensic laboratory.
 
(4)  In counties having a metropolitan form of government with a population greater than one hundred thousand (100,000), according to the 1990 federal census or any subsequent federal census, this fee shall be collected by the clerks of the various courts of the counties and forwarded to the county trustee on a monthly basis. If the blood alcohol concentration test (BAT) was conducted on an evidential breath testing unit, seventeen dollars and fifty cents ($17.50) of the fee shall be designated for exclusive use by the law enforcement testing unit of the county. The county trustee shall deposit the remainder of the fee in the general fund of the county. If the blood alcohol test was conducted by a publicly funded forensic laboratory, seventeen dollars and fifty cents ($17.50) of the fee collected by the clerks of the various courts of the counties and forwarded to the county trustee on a monthly basis shall be designated for exclusive use by the publicly funded forensic laboratory. The county trustee shall deposit the remainder of the fee in the general fund of the county.
 
(i)  In addition to all other criminal penalties, costs, taxes and fees now prescribed by law, any person convicted of violating §§ 55-10-401 — 55-10-404 will be assessed a fee of five dollars ($5.00), to be paid into the state treasury and deposited to the credit of the fund established pursuant to § 9-4-206.
 
(j)  No person arrested under this section shall be subjected to strip searches and/or body cavity searches unless the arresting officer has probable cause to believe the arrested person may be concealing a weapon and/or contraband in the arrested person's body cavity. Contraband includes, but is not limited to, illegal drugs.
 
(k)  (1)  The vehicle used in the commission of a person's second or subsequent violation of § 55-10-401, or the second or subsequent violation of any combination of § 55-10-401, and a statute in any other state prohibiting driving under the influence of an intoxicant, is subject to seizure and forfeiture in accordance with the procedure established in title 40, chapter 33, part 2. The department of safety is designated as the applicable agency, as defined by § 40-33-202, for all forfeitures authorized by this subsection (k).
 
(2)  In order for subdivision (k)(1) to be applicable to a vehicle, the violation making the vehicle subject to seizure and forfeiture must occur in Tennessee and at least one (1) of the previous violations must occur on or after January 1, 1997, and the second offense after January 1, 1997, occurs within five (5) years of the first offense occurring after January 1, 1997.
 
(3)  It is the specific intent that a forfeiture action under this section shall serve a remedial and not a punitive purpose. The purpose of the forfeiture of a vehicle after a person's second or subsequent DUI violation is to prevent unscrupulous or incompetent persons from driving on Tennessee's highways while under the influence of alcohol or drugs. Driving a motor vehicle while under the influence of alcohol or drugs endangers the lives of innocent people who are exercising the same privilege of riding on the state's highways. There is a reasonable connection between the remedial purpose of this section, ensuring safe roads, and the forfeiture of a motor vehicle. While this section may serve as a deterrent to the conduct of driving a motor vehicle while under the influence of alcohol or drugs, it is nonetheless intended as a remedial measure. Moreover, the statute serves to remove a dangerous instrument from the hands of individuals who have demonstrated a pattern of driving a motor vehicle while under the influence of alcohol or drugs.
 
(4)  Only P.O.S.T.-certified or state-commissioned law enforcement officers will be authorized to seize these vehicles under this section.
 
(l)  For the purpose of enhancing the punishment of a person convicted of violating § 55-10-401, the state shall use a conviction for the offense of driving under the influence of an intoxicant that occurred in another state.
 
(m)  A violation of this part is a Class A misdemeanor. Nothing in Acts 1989, ch. 591, the Sentencing Reform Act of 1989, shall be construed as altering, amending or decreasing the penalties established in this section for the offense of driving under the influence of an intoxicant.
 
(n)  Notwithstanding the provisions of this section to the contrary, in counties with a metropolitan form of government and a population in excess of one hundred thousand (100,000), according to the 1990 federal census or any subsequent federal census, the judge exercising criminal jurisdiction may sentence a person convicted of violating the provisions of § 55-10-401, for the first time to perform two hundred (200) hours of public service work in a supervised public service program in lieu of the minimum period of confinement required by the provisions of subsection (a).
 
(o)  For the sole purpose of enhancing the punishment for a violation of § 55-10-401, a prior conviction for a violation of § 39-13-213(a)(2), § 39-13-106, § 39-13-218 or § 55-10-418, shall be treated the same as a prior conviction for a violation of § 55-10-401.
 
(p)  (1)  An offender sentenced to a period of incarceration for a violation of § 55-10-401, shall be required to commence service of the sentence within thirty (30) days of conviction or, if space is not immediately available in the appropriate municipal or county jail or workhouse within such time, as soon as such space is available. If, in the opinion of the sheriff or chief administrative officer of a local jail or workhouse, space will not be available to allow an offender convicted of a violation of § 55-10-401, to commence service of the sentence within ninety (90) days of conviction, the sheriff or administrative officer shall use alternative facilities for the incarceration of the offender. If an offender convicted of a violation of § 55-10-401, prior to July 1, 1995, has not commenced service of the sentence imposed within ninety (90) days of the offender's conviction, the sheriff or administrative officer shall, after notifying the offender, use alternative facilities for the incarceration of the offender. The appropriate county or municipal legislative body shall approve the alternative facilities to be used in the county or municipality.
 
(2)  As used in this subsection (p), “alternative facilities” include, but are not limited to, vacant schools or office buildings or any other building or structure owned, controlled or used by the appropriate governmental entity that would be suitable for housing these offenders for short periods of time on an as-needed basis. A governmental entity may contract with another governmental entity or private corporation or person for the use of alternative facilities when needed and governmental entities may, by agreement, share use of alternative facilities.
 
(3)  Nothing in this subsection (p) shall be construed to give an offender a right to serve a sentence for a violation of § 55-10-401, in an alternative facility or within a specified period of time. Failure of a sheriff or chief administrative officer of a jail to require an offender to serve the sentence within a certain period of time or in a certain facility or type of facility shall have no effect upon the validity of the sentence.
 
(q)  Notwithstanding any other law to the contrary, in any county having a population of not less than three hundred seven thousand eight hundred (307,800) nor more than three hundred seven thousand nine hundred (307,900), according to the 2000 federal census or any subsequent federal census, upon conviction for a violation of § 55-10-401, § 55-10-415, § 55-10-418 or § 55-50-408, the court shall assess against the defendant a blood alcohol concentration (BAT) test fee to be established by the county legislative body of any county to which this subsection (q) applies in an amount not to exceed fifty dollars ($50.00) for obtaining a blood sample for the purpose of performing a test to determine the alcoholic or drug content of the defendant's blood pursuant to § 55-10-406 that is incurred by the governmental entity served by the law enforcement agency arresting the defendant. The fee authorized by this subsection (q) shall only be assessed if a blood sample is actually taken from a defendant convicted of any of these offenses and the test is actually performed on the sample.
 
(r)  (1)  In addition to all other fines, fees, costs and punishments now prescribed by law, an alcohol and drug addiction treatment fee of one hundred dollars ($100) shall be assessed for each conviction for a violation of § 55-10-401.
 
[Amended effective January 15, 2011. See the Compiler’s Notes.] 
 
(2)  All proceeds collected pursuant to subdivision (r)(1) shall be transmitted to the commissioner of mental health for deposit in the special “alcohol and drug addiction treatment fund” administered by the department.
 
(s)  (1)  In addition to the punishment provided in subsection (a), a person convicted of violating § 55-10-401 for the first time shall be punished as follows: the court shall sentence the person to confinement in the county jail or workhouse for not less than forty-eight (48) hours nor more than eleven (11) months and twenty-nine (29) days, and, as a condition of probation, to remove litter during daylight hours from public roadways or publicly-owned property, as provided in subdivisions (s)(2)-(9) for a period of twenty-four (24) hours. The period of litter removal shall be served in three (3) shifts of eight (8) consecutive hours each.
 
(2)  If the offender is a resident of this state, the litter removal portion of the sentence shall occur in the offender's county of residence through the appropriate probation office or state litter removal grant director. If the offender is not a resident of this state, the litter removal portion of the sentence shall occur in the county where the violation occurred.
 
(3)  In order to reimburse the probation office or county official who administers the state litter removal grant for costs related to the supervision of the offender while on a litter removal work crew, the offender shall pay to the probation office or county official who administers the state litter removal grant a fee equivalent to the jailer's fee for misdemeanants established pursuant to § 8-26-105(a) for each day the offender participates in a litter removal program. The fee must be received by the probation office before the office certifies that the offender has completed this condition of probation.
 
(4)  Upon request, the probation office or county official who administers the state litter removal grant shall provide the offender with a schedule of the times and dates when litter removal crews will be working. Crews shall only be scheduled to work during daylight hours and only on public roadways or publicly-owned property. The probation office or county official who administers the state litter removal grant should attempt to provide enough opportunities to work on a litter removal crew that an offender may complete the required three (3) days of litter removal within a ninety-day period. Offenders may work with other prisoners on litter removal crews organized by the county or a municipality within the county. The offender shall notify the probation office not less than twenty-four (24) hours in advance of a scheduled work date to indicate that the offender desires to participate. The probation office or county official who administers the state litter removal grant may set a maximum number of participants on a work crew and allow participation on a first-come, first-served basis. The offender is responsible for arranging transportation to and from the work site or other location where the probation office directs offenders to report. Except for the vest required by subdivision (s)(5), offenders are also responsible for furnishing their own clothing and food while engaged in litter removal.
 
(5)  Each offender ordered to remove litter pursuant to this subsection (s) shall be required to wear a blaze orange or other distinctively colored vest with the words “I AM A DRUNK DRIVER” stenciled or otherwise written on the back of the vest, in letters no less than four inches (4²) in height.
 
(6)  It shall be within the discretion of the probation office or county official who administers the state litter removal grant to select the public roadways or publicly-owned property from which offenders remove litter. If the highway selected is a state route highway or state-owned public property, the department of transportation shall provide a truck or trucks to remove the litter removed by the offenders. If the highway selected is a state-aid highway or county-owned public property, the appropriate county shall provide a truck or trucks to remove the litter removed by the offenders.
 
(7)  The probation office or county official who administers the state litter removal grant may enter into agreements with any city or municipality located within the county in which offenders sentenced pursuant to this section may be used to remove litter from state route highways or state-aid highways located within the limits of the city or municipality. The agreement may provide that the city or municipality assume responsibility for the supervision and control of the offenders.
 
(8)  If any entity receives funds under § 41-2-123(c), the offenders shall be the responsibility of the entity supervising that program and under that entity's supervision and control. In any county where that is the case, “probation office” as used in this subsection (s) shall be interpreted instead to mean the individual or department head in charge of the alternative program.
 
(9)  No probation office or county official who administers the state litter removal grant shall be permitted to use an offender sentenced pursuant to this subsection (s) to perform any task other than litter removal.
 
(10)  Nothing in this subsection (s) shall be construed to require that the state board of probation and parole supervise DUI offenders engaged in the DUI offender litter removal program established by this subsection (s) or otherwise be involved in such program.
 
(t)  (1)  In addition to all other fines, fees, costs and punishments now prescribed by law, an ignition interlock fee of forty dollars ($40.00) shall be assessed for each violation of § 55-10-401 occurring on or after July 1, 2010, that results in a conviction for such offense.
 
(2)  All proceeds collected pursuant to subdivision (t)(1) shall be transmitted to the treasurer for deposit in the interlock assistance fund established pursuant to § 55-10-421.
 
(3)  The fee assessed pursuant to subdivision (t)(1) shall be allocated as follows:
 
(A)  Thirty dollars and fifty cents ($30.50) to the interlock assistance fund for the purpose of paying for all the costs associated with the lease, purchase, installation, removal and maintenance of such device or with any other cost or fee associated with a functioning ignition interlock device required by this part for persons found to be indigent by the court; and
 
(B)  Four dollars and fifty cents ($4.50) to the Tennessee Hospital Association for the sole purposes of making grants to hospitals that have been designated as critical access hospitals under the Medicare rural flexibility program for the purposes of purchasing medical equipment, enhancing high technology efforts and expanding healthcare services in underserved areas;
 
[Amended effective January 15, 2011. See the Compiler’s Notes.]  
 
(C)  One dollar and twenty-five cents ($1.25) to the department of mental health to be placed in the alcohol and drug addiction treatment fund;
 
(D)  One dollar and twenty-five cents ($1.25) to the department of finance and administration, office of criminal justice programs, for the sole purpose of funding grant awards to local law enforcement agencies for purposes of obtaining and maintaining equipment and personnel needed in the enforcement of alcohol related traffic offenses;
 
(E)  One dollar and twenty-five cents ($1.25) to the department of safety to be used to defray the expenses of administering Acts 2010, ch. 921; and
 
(F)  One dollar and twenty-five cents ($1.25) to the department of finance and administration, office of criminal justice programs, for the sole purpose of funding grant awards to halfway houses whose primary focus is to assist drug and alcohol offenders. In order for a halfway house to qualify for such grant awards it shall provide:
 
(i)  No less than sixty (60) residential beds monthly with occupancy at no less than ninety-seven percent (97%) per month, or if a halfway house with nonresidential day reporting services, it shall serve no less than two hundred (200) adults monthly;
 
(ii)  Safe and secure treatment facilities, and treatment to include moral recognition therapy, GED course work, anger management therapy, and domestic and family counseling; and
 
(iii)  Transportation to and from work, mental health or medical appointments for each of its residents.
 
(4)  (A)  Beginning in fiscal year 2013-2014, any surplus in the interlock assistance fund shall be allocated as follows:
 
(i)  Sixty percent (60%) of such surplus shall be used by the Tennessee Hospital Association for the sole purposes of making grants to hospitals that have been designated as critical access hospitals under the Medicare rural flexibility program for the purposes of purchasing medical equipment, enhancing high technology efforts and expanding healthcare services in underserved areas;
 
[Amended effective January 15, 2011. See the Compiler’s Notes.]  
 
(ii)  Twenty percent (20%) of such surplus shall be transmitted to the department of mental health and placed in the alcohol and drug addiction treatment fund; and
 
(iii)  Twenty percent (20%) of such surplus shall be used by the department of finance and administration, office of criminal justice programs, to provide grants to local law enforcement agencies for purposes of obtaining and maintaining equipment or personnel needed in the enforcement of alcohol related traffic offenses.
 
(B)  For purposes of this subsection (f), “surplus” means any amount in the interlock assistance fund that exceeds one and one half (1.5) times the amount used from the fund in the previous fiscal year to pay for the costs associated with the lease, purchase, installation, removal and maintenance of such device or with any other cost or fee associated with a functioning ignition interlock device required by this part, for persons found to be indigent by the court, as determined by the treasurer.
 
(C)  Beginning on October 1, 2012, and annually thereafter, the treasurer shall report the amount of any surplus in the interlock assistance fund to the commissioner of finance and administration for inclusion in the annual budget document prepared pursuant to title 9, chapter 4, part 51. The general assembly shall appropriate such surplus in accordance with the purposes provided in subdivision (f)(2)(A).
 
 

[Acts 1953, ch. 202, § 5 (Williams, § 10830.6); Acts 1955, ch. 100, § 1; 1961, ch. 89, § 1; 1970, ch. 504, §§ 1, 2; 1971, ch. 135, § 2; 1971, ch. 275, § 1; 1973, ch. 64, § 2; 1974, ch. 748, § 32; T.C.A. (orig. ed.), § 59-1035; Acts 1980, ch. 817, § 4; 1981, ch. 350, § 1; 1981, ch. 443, § 1; 1982, ch. 891, §§ 1, 2; 1983, ch. 198, § 1; 1984, ch. 597, §§ 1, 2; 1986, ch. 842, § 13; 1987, ch. 431, § 1; 1988, ch. 969, § 1; 1989, ch. 547, § 1; 1989, ch. 591, §§ 111, 116; 1990, ch. 973, §§ 1, 2; 1990, ch. 992, § 2; 1990, ch. 1081, § 1; 1991, ch. 261, § 1; 1991, ch. 355, §§ 1, 2; 1991, ch. 502, § 3; 1992, ch. 653, § 1; 1992, ch. 773, § 1; 1992, ch. 975, § 1; 1993, ch. 123, §§ 1-5; 1993, ch. 272, § 1; 1993, ch. 516, §§ 1, 2; 1994, ch. 840, § 1; 1994, ch. 948, §§ 1-3; 1995, ch. 524, §§ 1, 2; 1996, ch. 910, § 1; 1998, ch. 926, § 1; 1998, ch. 986, § 3; 1998, ch. 1046, §§ 1, 2, 5, 6; 2000, ch. 863, §§ 1, 2; 2000, ch. 867, § 1; 2000, ch. 947, § 8N; 2002, ch. 546, §§ 1, 2; 2002, ch. 789, § 1; 2002, ch. 855, §§ 1, 5, 6, 11-13; 2005, ch. 239, §§ 1, 2; 2005, ch. 437, § 1; 2005, ch. 504, §§ 1, 2; 2006, ch. 880, §§ 1-3; 2006, ch. 983, § 1; 2007, ch. 171, § 1;  2008, ch. 978, § 1; 2008, ch. 1018, § 1; 2008, ch. 1177, § 1; 2009, ch. 186, §§ 7, 49; 2010, ch. 921, §§ 3-9; 2010, ch. 1080, § 1; 2010, ch. 1100,
 

 

Law Category: 

CONTACT

BusinessMedia Center
Tennessee Tech University
1105 N. Peachtree Ave.
Johnson Hall 425
Cookeville, TN 38505

   1-800-99BELTS (23587)
   or 931-372-6302 (local)